A Liberal Mistake: A Quasi-Realist Solution
 Michael Humeniuk
Discusses relations between the United States and Russia. Humeniuk shows why Russia is not the sole entity to blame for current tensions.

Authors
Michael Humeniuk
Albania: View From the Embassy
Melissa K. Allen
Melissa Allen began her work on Albanian issues early in 2008 and served as an intern at the Albanian Embassy in Washington in 2009. This essay reflects her observations about her service with the Albanian diplomats. 


Melissa K. Allen
Dr. Stephen R. Bowers
Anna Chekashkina
Oleg Abzaletdinov
S. Reed Bowers II
Anaga
Dr. Stephen R. Bowers and Ekatarina Janiashvili
As a part of a 2007-08 project examining rural life in the eastern regions of Georgia, the authors prepared this study of a remote village in Kakheti.
Threats to Stability of Karachay-Cherkessia
Dr. Edward Djegutanov
In 2005, Dr. Stephen R. Bowers attended a conference in Karachay-Cherkessia that dealt with the republic's response to terrorist threats. One of the presentations was made by Dr. Edward Djegutanov who is the Director of the Karachay-Cherkessia Humanitarian University. He and Dr. Bowers collaborated in preparing Dr. Djegutanov's conference remarks for publication by the Center for Security and Science. The paper is an examination of current threats to the republic's physical safety and sovereignty.
Diplomacy and Democracy: The Art of the Possible in Time of Transformations
Ambassador Ceslav Ciobanu
Discusses US/NATO and Russia/New Post-Soviet States relations. 
Ambassador Ceslav Ciobau
Political Economy of "Frozen Conflicts" in ex-Soviet States: Challenges and Prospects for the U.S. and Russia
Ambassador Ceslav Ciobanu
Examines the political economy of the "frozen" conflicts and efforts to prevent their evolution into another Cold War. 
Frozen and Forgotten Conflicts in the Post-Soviet States: Genesis, Political Economy and Prospects for Solution (Lessons from Moldova)
​Ambassador Ceslav Ciobanu
​Examines one of the most disputed issues in post-Soviet history - regional conflicts in the Black Sea - South Caucasus - Caspian region and explores their roots, their current status, and prospects for resolution. 
The Stability of the Dniester Moldovan Republic: A Post-Electoral Analysis
Oazu Nantoi, Dr. Stephen R. Bowers, and Thomas Houlahan
Analyzes the issue of stability of the Dniester Moldovan Republic in the context of the communists' electoral victory and Voronin's rise to the Presidency, which drew the Republic of Moldova closer to the Russian Federation.
Islam in the North Caucasus: A People Divided
Yavus Akhmadov and Dr. Stephen R. Bowers 
Religious diversity has had a dramatic impact on the development of the North Caucasus region. People do not identify primarily with either a national or international Islamic community. This paper examines religious issues in the Caucasus region, with special emphasis on the Chechen conflict. 
Transdnistrea: The DMR Political System
Andrei Safronov
The Transdnistrean region formally separated from what was at the time the Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic on 2 September 1991 as a result of the collapse of the USSR. Powerful secessionist tendencies on the left bank of the Dnestr had been noted since 1989 as a response to the national radical movement headed by the National Front Moldova (NFM) which had gained power throughout the territory of Bessarabia. In early 1990, the NFM ended its second congress with a declaration that the Republic of Moldova was the second Romanian state and the ultimate goal of the Front was the unification of Moldova and Romania into a single state.
Montenegro: Vassal or Sovereign?
Octavian Sofransky, Dr. Stephen R. Bowers, and Marion T. Doss, Jr.
The authors conclude that Montenegro could be the key for Balkan peace. Relieved of its Yugoslav appendix, Serbia might finally focus inward on the pressing economic problems and opt for democratization and cooperation with the international community. However, it might also be that Montenegro is a trigger for a new protracted civil war, a new Vietnam, which will immerse the future of Balkan people in uncertainty.
Octavian Sofransky
Marion T. Doss, Jr.
Moldova: The Dniester Moldovan Republic (DMR)
Ceslav Ciobanu
The subject of this report - the "Dniester Moldovan Republic" (the Transnistria region of Moldova) - is a central issue for understanding the genesis, current situation and prospects for conflict resolution and stability in this region.
Papers Presented at the Conference on Conflicts in the North Caucasus: Social and Political Balance in the Region
Center for Security and Science
Includes papers written by Andrei Kamenshcikov, Yavus Akhmadov, Vsevolod Ryazanov, Adlan Dinayev, Roman Gashayev, and Albert Avduev. All papers deal with the social and political issues of the North Caucasus, including illegal military formations, the influence of mass media, and the origin and evolution of conflicts in the region. 

False Documents in Former USSR
Dr. Stephen R. Bowers, Mousafar A. Olimov, Viorica Vladeca, and Valeria Ciobanu
The false documents trade is prevalent in three areas: counterfeiting of passports and identity cards, creation of false documents for vehicle sales, and education certifications. This activity facilitates the movements of terrorists from Afghanistan and Somalia through Tajikistan and toward the West via Moldova. This paper explores the techniques used in the production and marketing of false documents.
Mousafar A. Olimov
Viorica Vladeca
Valeria Ciobanu
Religious Brotherhoods in Chechnya
Yavus Z. Akhmadov, Dr. Stephen R. Bowers, Marion T. Doss, Jr., and Valeria Ciobanu
​In 1997, Professors Stephen R. Bowers and Marion T. Doss, Jr. began an effort to promote the systematic study of the problems of political violence and eventually opened an office in the Former Soviet Union to develop research on this topic. Their operating philosophy governing was that such a base would enable them to involve local scholars in research, thus producing internationally based studies that would reflect both the U.S. and the non-U.S. perspectives. This document is the first produced by this method and is a study of the Chechen Sufi brotherhoods in Chechnya and their role in that conflict. 
Yavus Z. Akhmadov
Illegal Weapons Traffic in Eastern Europe
Zaur Borov and Dr. Stephen Bowers
The primary focus of this study is on illegal weapons trade in Romania and the Caucasus region of the former USSR. Illegal weapons traffic in these regions is linked with both organized crime and terrorist activities. The main source of weapons for conflicts in the Caucasus region is corruption in Russian military circles.
Zaur Borov
The Social and Political Background of Moldova's 2005 Elections
​Elizabeth Villarroel
Research Associate and Monitor for Moldova's 2005 Elections
The Parliamentary elections on March 6, 2005 were monumental in that they have marked a departure from past elections. This shift has been a result of the new geopolitical situation in which Moldova now finds itself. The greatest significance of the 2005 elections was in solidifying President Voronin's western-leaning intentions 
Media Reports on the Anti-Terrorist Coalition
Anna Balishina
Examines suggestions that relations between Russia and the United States fell into a stage of "bankruptcy" within the first two years of their partnership in the struggle against terrorism.


Terror Index
Anna Balishina
Discusses efforts to measure terrorism
Anna Balishina
Official and Shadow Industry in the Republic of Moldova
Andrei Rotaru
Examines the official and shadow markets in the Republic of Moldova
Andrei Rotaru
Andrei Safronov
A Survey of Islamic Fundamentalist Activism in Central Asia and the Caucasus
Dr. Stephen R. Bowers and Valeria Ciobanu
This survey of regional elites, conducted in November 2001, concludes that the goals of the region's Islamic fundamentalist groups include mobilization of Islamic faithful into radical activities, planning for sabotage of US military operations, and working to overthrow secular regimes.
Kitaani: Georgian Ossetians
​Dr. Stephen R. Bowers and Ekatarina Janiashvili
In spite of a South Ossetian independence referendum, there are indications that this trend does not mean the alienation of all Ossetians from Georgia. Residents of Kitaani recognize their special kinship with nearby Ossetian villages but their allegiance is with the Georgian nation.
Ekatarina Janiashvili
Solidarity and Strength: Poland's Saga with Russia
Emily Hausheer
Discusses Poland's relationship with Russia.
Research and Analysis
Center for Security and Science
Eastern Europe/Asia

Research of Frederick E. Schulze
Frederick E. Schulze
Important early step for those who hope to understand the violence that has become characteristic of the post-Soviet international order.
Romanian Witches
Cătălina Popescu
Discusses the ancient traditions of Witchcraft embraced by Modern Romania.
Christian Faith and Witchcraft
Cătălina Popescu
Discusses the conflicts between Christian Faith and Witchcraft in Modern Romania.
Cătălina Popescu
Red Petroleum and CSR
Stephen R. Bowers

Petroleum in Russia
Cătălina Popescu